Persian art, blue pottery, one of the commemorated métier of Pink city artisans

A beautiful contrast of fairy tale palaces on one side and narrow streets filled with cows on the other, grand gates to serene endless desserts, Rajasthan is not just a state-it's a culture. A storehouse abundant of art, architecture, literature, craft and culture, this Northwestern Indian region is the most colorful jewel in India’s crown. The state manages to cherish its unique individuality and soul while growing forward with the current times.

Jal Mahal

The capital city, Jaipur, is a true representative of all what Rajasthan stands for and the city radiates much more colors than just pink.

Tinged in wonderful shades of blue and tucked high into the Royal Pink city, Jaipur blue pottery origin dates way back to 14th century. Finding its beginning from Central Asia and Persia, travelling through the Mughal dynasty into India, the craft was highly admired and developed by Jaipur royalty around the 19th century. The blue-dyed pottery holds immense history, age-old craftsmanship and amalgamation of cultures behind it.

Maharaja Sawai Ram II

Local legend recites, once upon a time ruler of Jaipur, Maharaja Sawai Ram II (27 September 1835 – 17 September 1880) was gazing his kite-master competing with other challengers during the traditional Kite flying competition. He was spellbound when his royal kite was cut by that of two brothers along with other competition. Instilled with curiosity, the King summoned the brothers to reveal the technique responsible for their victorious feat in kite flying.

These two brother were artisans and potters of Agra, Churamani and Kaluram, who coated their kite thread with dust of pottery. Impressed by their technique and Art, he encouraged them to start the work of pottery in Jaipur.

The name blue pottery was given to it due to the significance of the color blue utilized for the same.

Fanusta Blue Pottery

The age-old craft is named after the blue dye, which is derived from cobalt oxide utilized for coloring the artefacts. The lighter shade of blue, firozi (sky blue) is known to be intrinsic to Jaipur blue pottery.

Kalbelia Dance

Indigo, also has been reported amongst the earliest dye colors utilized for textile dyeing and printing fabrics. Since the ancient times, India has been celebrated as the original home for production and processing of the indigo plant (Indigofera tinctoria), used for dyeing and printing. Some say that it was also a color used for painting blue pottery.

Jalmahal Inner View

On the top in what-to-shop lists for every traveler coming to Jaipur, the glazed pottery is hand-molded and hand-painted during its detailed 8 processes of making.

The making of blue pottery is a tiresome and time taking process. Firstly, the dough is prepared utilizing 5 key raw materials like quartz powder, Multani Mitti, scrap glass, Katria Gond, and Saaji. Then it is rolled and converted into a flat pancake-like shape, which is further placed and wiggled into the mold for proper placement and filled with raakh. The mold is then turned upside down and the dough is removed, which is left to drying for 1 or more days according to the weather. The pottery article is then cleaned, scrubbed, shaped and then, rubbed with ‘Regmaal’ in order to polish the surface. After the base is attached according to the product requirement, it is sent through the process of smoothening. It is dipped into a solution of quartz powder, powdered glass, edible flour (maida), water and dried.

After a design is made on the dried vessel the smoothened products are painted by hand. The colors are mainly oxides and ferro metals which are glazed after the paint dries. For glazing the final product is dipped in a wet mixture and dried again. The product prepared till now is taken for firing in a closed kiln. After stacking them, the kiln is closed from the top, which is heated with wood and charcoal from below. The firing process takes 4 to 5 hours and the temperature goes up to 800-850 degrees Celsius. The Kiln is left for 2 to 3 days for slow cooking after which the product is taken out.

Each piece of pottery, painted intricately, is one-of-a-kind and uniquely beautiful. Every article gives an essence of true cultural luxury and opulence of Jaipur, the beauty in the carvings and the heritage in color that the city represents is manifested in the clay craft.

Fanusta has a vivid range of carefully curated Blue pottery and aims to the redefine and reestablish the timeless craftsmanship of this exquisite handcraft from Jaipur. Not just blue, but one can find an exquisite range of beautiful blue pottery tableware as well as souvenirs painted in a range of colors today, majorly in Persian inspired motifs and contemporary designs.

Blue Pottery

Though the traditional art form is very intact even after centuries, modern artisans are also taking a step forward and developing this form of pottery in the new age abstract designs and contemporary patterns.